Coating Raw Materials

Car care customer launches two innovative graphene-based sealants

Applied Graphene Materials (LSE:AGM), the producer of specialty graphene nanoplatelet dispersions, announces that its customer, Constellation Chemicals, has launched two new sealants in its car detailing product range enhanced with AGM’s graphene nanoplatelet technology.

The two products, Parallax, a graphene-enhanced ceramic sealant and Gravity, a graphene-enhanced snow sealant, launch following a programme of research and testing by Constellation Chemicals. The growing UK-based manufacturer of car care products claims that they offer performance enhancements such as hydrophobicity, chemical resistance to acid rain, road salt and bird lye and produce excellent durability, gloss, water repellence and beading.

The new product launches demonstrate further progress in the incorporation of AGM’s industry leading Genable® graphene nanoplatelet dispersions for the car care market. Working in partnership with forward-looking players in the industry such as Constellation Chemicals, ensures AGM can continue to drive graphene innovation in car detailing applications with its customers.

The new sealants have gained significant interest from customers and are available to order at: https://constellationchemicals.com/

Adrian Potts, Chief Executive Officer of AGM, commented:

“We are pleased to have been able to work with the team at Constellation Chemicals to bring these two new highperformance products to market. It is a further demonstration of the ease of use of AGM’s carefully formulated graphene dispersions in our customers’ product formulations. We look forward to these new products gaining greater customer interest in the innovative protective car care coatings sector, and to further opportunities to collaborate with Constellation Chemicals on future products.”

Gian Franco Totis, Managing Director of Constellation Chemicals, added:
“The release of our two graphene infused products this month has been a major milestone for Constellation Chemicals.
With graphene being the new buzz word on the detailing scene we wanted to get ahead of the competition. Working with AGM’s Genable® range we quickly managed to formulate two products which have exceeded our expectations.
These products offer some great characteristics for the automotive industry including corrosion and chemical resistance, gloss enhancement and heat dissipation.
We are excited to have been able to release two brand new graphene-enhanced car care products – our ceramic sealant “Parallax”, and our snow sealant “Gravity”. Following months of research and development this success has only been possible thanks to the insights and support from the team at AGM.”

For further information, please contact:

Applied Graphene Materials +44 (0) 1642 438 214 Andy Gent, Commercial Director Adrian Potts, Chief Executive Officer David Blain, Chief Financial Officer

N+1 Singer +44 (0) 207 496 3000 Peter Steel / Amanda Gray

Allenby Capital Limited (Joint Broker) +44 (0) 203 328 5656 Nick Athanas / Liz Kirchner (Corporate Finance) Matt Butlin / Kelly Gardiner (Sales and Corporate Broking) Hudson Sandler +44 (0) 207 796 4133 Charlie Jack / Emily Dillon

Take a closer look at silicate-based masonry paints

Durable and environmentally friendly, silicate paints are growing in popularity with forward-looking manufacturers and it’s not hard to see why.

The multiple benefits offered by silicate coating technology make silicate systems ideal to meet challenging modern demands. In particular, they offer significant environmental benefits as they are solvent free and not based on petrochemical raw materials. What’s more, the chemical reaction that takes place between the binder and the masonry substrate makes the paint more durable, requiring less frequent re-application.

With 125 years’ experience with alkali silicates, our key supply partner Woellner has spent the past 50 years undertaking intense application-oriented research in the water-based coatings sector. Its Betolin® system uses high-quality silicate binders and formulation additives to deliver water-based coatings with the following advantages:
• Storable, stable ready-to-use formulations
• Advantageous application properties on most substrates
• Strengthening of weathered or sandy mineral substrates
• Excellent water vapour permeability as a result of the open pore character of the cured coatings
• Low VOC content
• Positive fire protection character
• Good colour stability
• Typically low dirt pick up to exhibit self-cleaning behaviour
• Long-term stability even in combination with photo catalytic materials
• Suitable for indoor and outdoor applications for new and old buildings.

To find out more about Woellner’s products or to discuss your specific needs, please contact Michael Austin at Blagden on 01959 560804 or email.

What is Ellipsometry?

Ellipsometry measures a change in polarisation as light reflects or transmits from a material structure. The polarisation change is represented as an amplitude ratio, Ψ, and the phase difference, Δ. The measured response depends on optical properties and thickness of individual materials. Thus, ellipsometry is primarily used to determine film thickness and optical constants. However, it is also applied to characterise composition, crystallinity, roughness, doping concentration, and other material properties associated with a change in optical response.

Since the 1960s, as ellipsometry developed to provide the sensitivity necessary to measure nanometer-scale layers used in microelectronics, interest in ellipsometry has grown steadily. Today, the range of its applications has spread to the basic research in optical coating, physical sciences, semiconductor and data storage solutions, flat panel display, communication, biosensor industries. This widespread use is explained by increased dependence on thin films in many areas and the flexibility of ellipsometry to measure most material types: biological coatings, composites of materials, dielectrics, semiconductors, metals, superconductors and organics.  Find out more about J A Woollam at https://youtu.be/szkqdcoclkQ.  The UK Distributor, Quantum Design UK hold annual workshops which include an introduction, fundamentals of ellipsometric data analysis, and an overview of ellipsometric applications in both research and production.  Contact Angela Carslake for more information on the next workshop and register your interest.

alpha SE Spectroscopic Ellipsometer

J A Woollam alpha SE Spectroscopic Ellipsometer –
for spectral range of 380-900 nm

For routine measurements of thin film thickness and refractive index, this ellipsometer allows you to mount a sample, choose the model that matches your film, and press “measure”. You have results within seconds.

With fast measurement speed and push-button operation, the alpha-SE® is ideal for qualifying thin films. Single-layer dielectrics on silicon or glass substrates can be measured in seconds.

Coatings on Glass:  Patented technology allows accurate measurements on any substrate: metal, semiconductor, or glass. On transparent substrates, the alpha-SE® measures depolarisation to correct for light returning from the backside of the substrate. This unwanted light can confuse other ellipsometers, but the alpha-SE® ensures accurate optical constants.

Key Features:

  • Easy to use:  Push-button operation is complemented by advanced software that takes care of the work for you
  • Proven spectroscopic ellipsometer technology gives you both thickness and index with much higher certainty than other techniques
  • Works with your materials – dielectrics, semiconductors, organics, and more
  • Spectroscopic ellipsometry for simple sample systems
  • Hundreds of wavelengths simultaneously collected in seconds for immediate results

Quantum Design represent J A Woollam in the UK and Ireland.  Please contact Shayz Ikram for more information on the alpha-SE ellipsometer.

Introduction to the alpha-SE Spectroscopic Ellipsometer

Applied Graphene Materials Announce Approval Grant

Applied Graphene Materials (LSE:AGM), is delighted to announce that approval has been granted by ECHA, the European Chemical Agency, for a volume threshold of 1 to 10 tonnes of powder usage per annum of graphene products supplied by individual members of the Graphene REACH registration consortium, of which AGM is a founding member.

Following rigorous evaluation of the range of graphene materials which each consortium member offers, and completion of the final submission documents to ECHA towards the end of 2020, the successful outcome represents a major milestone for the graphene industry and enables consortium members such as AGM to supply quantities of graphene materials in volume. The tonnage band registration of 1 to 10 tonnes p.a. provides confidence in the potential for volume quantity use of graphene materials in the range of applications which consortium members including AGM are pursuing.

Adrian Potts, CEO of AGM, commented:
“I am delighted to announce the successful REACH registration for this volume tonnage band, which represents the culmination of almost four years of work. Strategically, we identified the critical importance of regulatory registration to the long-term success of our business and have committed significant resources to achieving this result today. This registration underpins the effective and safe use of AGM’s graphene materials at higher volumes. AGM continues to demonstrate the excellent utility of our graphene products with our customer engagements, and this registration will ensure we can meet our ambitions for larger volume orders as our commercial pipeline continues to develop. I would like to recognise the tireless efforts of our Technical team as members of the graphene consortium who have pursued the substantial workload that is represented in this registration announcement.”

 

If you would like to discuss how you can benefit from Graphene, please contact AGM here

Blagden Invests in CRM Platform

Blagden invests in CRM platform to reach new levels in customer service excellence

Blagden Specialty Chemicals Ltd has chosen Creatio as its new Customer Relationship Management (CRM) platform to streamline its service and further develop excellent customer relationships.

 

The new CRM system will underpin interactions with customers and potential customers to accelerate sales and service processes. The move is the next stage in Blagden’s implementation of digital systems enabling the company to respond quickly to the ever-increasing usage of e-commerce and on-line services.

 

Blagden Chief Executive and Managing Director, Graham Turton, said: “Strong relationships with our customers are the cornerstone of Blagden’s success. The ability to align sales, marketing and service while sharing information across all areas of the business enables us to stay at the very forefront of excellent customer service. Furthermore, by delivering greater insights into market trends and customer needs, we can ensure our business responds quickly and flexibly to changing demands. The CRM system provides the ideal vehicle to support this.”

 

Blagden is one of the best-known names in specialty chemicals distribution for the UK and Irish markets, providing a comprehensive product range across key market sectors, supported by technical expertise and in-depth knowledge of applications and benefits. Just as it offers personal dedicated service to its customers, it appreciates working with local suppliers who offer similar bespoke service. After extensive research, Blagden chose the Creatio package which will be integrated into its Sage X3 and SEI Intelligence system by CRM Specialists, Collier Pickard, based close to Blagden’s offices in Westerham, Kent.

 

“We are pleased to work with specialists Creatio and Collier Pickard in this area of business technology,” Graham added. “The size and flexibility offered by the Creatio package are ideal for our needs and create the opportunity for a more bespoke solution. Collier Pickard proved to be very in tune with our requirements and we look forward to working closely with them.”

 

Collier Pickard Account Director, Alan Joenn, commented “We are delighted to be working with the team at Blagden. Adopting new working practices and making the most of advanced technology for business requires a shift in emphasis and we will use our expertise and experience to help Blagden achieve rapid change, without disruption to the smooth operation of the business. Our goal is to help Blagden make it easier for people to do business with them.”

BASF 2,4,7,9-Tetramethyl-5-decindiol aka TMDD

BASF 2,4,7,9-Tetramethyl-5-decindiol aka TMDD – A versatile diol for water-borne formulations

TMDD is an acetylenic diol that performs as a speciality wetting agent and defoamer in a broad range of water-based coatings, inks and adhesives applications.

 

TMDD can enhance the dynamic wetting performance of coatings on numerous substrates improving their appearance by minimizing surface defects.  TMDD is also used in applications like water-borne coatings and inks to improve pigment dispersing and spray performance as well as de-foaming.


BASF TMDD is also available dissolved in ethylene, propylene and butyl glycol for easier handling. Visit our website to learn more or contact Chris Morgan
Head of Sales Coatings, Plastics and Inks BTC UK, Christopher.morgan@btc-europe.com

Synthron Expands Modarez® Levelling Agent Range

Synthron is expanding its Modarez® range of levelling agents for coatings with products for high hardness, low haze, and easy handling.

High molecular weight polyacrylate levelling agents can cause haze in some systems, while low molecular weight additives can adversely affect hardness. As a solution, Synthron has developed Modarez® MFA-HR to provide effective levelling without haze or reducing hardness. With highly reactive hydroxyl functionality, it is intended for use in industrial solvent-based crosslinking systems such as polyester-melamine and can also contribute to chemical resistance.

Promoted as a levelling additive with easy handling and good compatibility in a range of solvent-based binder types, Synthron is offering Modarez® MFP-L 50 NL, based on a polyacrylate supplied at low viscosity in a non-labelled solvent.

Synthron is a member of Protex International, an independent French industrial group which develops, manufactures, and markets specialty chemical additives for a variety of applications.

To find out more about these and other Synthron products please contact
coating@protex-international.com.

Blagden to Supply Novares Hydrocarbon Resins

Blagden Specialty Chemicals Ltd has been appointed the exclusive UK and Irish distributor for the Novares range of hydrocarbon resins from Rain Carbon Company (formerly known as Rütgers) from 1st January 2021. “The Novares range of hydrocarbon resins is a valuable addition to the high-performance products we already offer,” said Blagden CEO Graham Turton. “They will be available for prompt distribution from UKbased warehouses in the new year.”

Novares resins are based on petrochemical feedstock and offer diverse properties which help to produce safe and high-quality products for industries including coatings, plastics, rubber and adhesives as well as for road construction and printing inks. The resins are produced by Rain Carbon Inc, a global leader in the production of raw materials.

Blagden has a long-established reputation as a leading supplier across UK and Irish industrial markets, representing some of the largest and most innovative manufacturers. It takes over distribution from Gelpke & Bate who, after a long association with Rain Carbon, will close their office by December 31st 2020.

“We will soon be expanding the range with the introduction of hydrogenated versions of hydrocarbon resins,” Graham added. “This pure series of resins offer a water-white quality, low odour and colour, thermal stability and excellent compatibility where required.”

To find out more about these products or to discuss specific needs within the following industries, please contact:

Coatings: Michael Austin on 01959 560804 (maustin@blagden.co.uk)

Plastics: Ian Corke on 01959 560809 (icorke@blagden.co.uk)

Industrial Applications: Greg White on 01959 560817 (gwhite@blagden.co.uk)

Printing Inks: Philip Randall on 01959 560857 (prandall@blagden.co.uk)

BASF introduces the Joncryl® 953X

BASF introduces the Joncryl® 953X portfolio for protective woodgrain enhancement

Natural materials like wood are enjoying growing popularity in the furniture & flooring sector. They are an obvious choice for enhancing the look and feel of our living and working spaces, with an particular emphasis on displaying the beauty of visible and contrasting wood grains. In order to replace the older solvent-based systems that were traditionally used to optimize this effect, BASF Dispersions & Resins have released the NEW Joncryl® 953X series of water-based resins for wood coatings.

 

Designed for grain enhancement and resistance, the portfolio comprises 5 water-based straight acrylic dispersions for formulating sustainable 1K furniture & flooring coatings that “vitalize” wooden surfaces, providing a beautiful and highly protective premium finish. Key performance characteristics such as resistance to chemicals, block and hardness resistance, scratch resistance and transparency are fulfilled while enabling formulators to select for low-to-zero co-solvent demand.

 

This flexible series offers a range of options, all with optimal fine-particle size and multi-purpose application possibilities. Formulators can select the resin that most appropriately reflects the needs of their products:

 

Joncryl® 9530: Excellent grain enhancement and chemical resistance

Joncryl® 9531: Optimal balance between blocking and chemical resistance

Joncryl® 9532: Excellent blocking, chemical and scratch resistance

Joncryl® 9533: Excellent early blocking resistance and 0% co-solvent demand

Joncryl® 9534: Great blend partner for enhancing blocking resistance and hardness

 

For more information or to sample please contact Chris Morgan, Head of Sales – Coatings, Plastics & Inks BTC UK christopher.morgan@btc-europe.com and visit us on Stand 203 at Surfex 2021.

Press Releases

allnex launches new eco-friendly phenolic resin for BPA-NI application

September 2, 2020 – allnex, the leading supplier of specialty chemicals, offering a broad range of coating resins, additives and cross-linkers for use on wood, metal, plastic and other surfaces, is excited to announce the launch of PHENODUR® PR 616/65B, a new, eco-friendly phenolic resin recommended for interior and exterior can coatings with a very low free formaldehyde value of < 0.1%.
The PHENODUR PR 616/65B contains neither Bisphenol-A nor Bisphenol-F and has very low free monomer content. PHENODUR PR 616/65B can be used in combination with high molecular weight polyester in BPA-NI application or with high molecular weight epoxy resins for rigid and flexible packaging and drum lining. These coatings show a very balanced performance in terms of flexibility and reactivity. Compared to PHENODUR PR 612/80B, our new resin PHENODUR PR 616/65B  shows improved solvent resistance without losing flexibility and has good sterilization resistance and good substrate adhesion after sterilization in traditional epoxy-phenolic coatings and in future orientated polyester-phenolic combinations (i.e. DUROFTAL® PE 6619/40SNA).

Key attributes of the PHENODUR PR 616/65B include:

  • Provides excellent balance of hardness and flexibility
  • Formulate BisA- and BisF- free coatings
  • Low level of free formaldehyde of < 0.1%
  • Delivers very smooth cured coating surface
  • Compatible with most backbone binder chemistries

To request a sample please contact Tennants Distribution for the UK/Ireland or allnex directly for EMEA

 

For more technical information, please reach out to your regional contact below:

EMEA: oliver.etz@allnex.com

 

Live web link to allnex website article is here:-

https://allnex.com/en/info-hub/news/allnex-launches-new-eco-friendly-phenolic-resi-(1)

Are you ready for EU Poison Centre Notification Format?

Consumers and workers come into daily contact with hazardous chemicals, and although they are expected to be used according to safe-use instructions, unintentional exposure may happen: ingestion, skin contact, inhalation, etc. In those cases, emergency professionals need rapid product identification, information about the chemicals contained and its hazardous properties, all these in order to facilitate the identification of the correct treatment and to avoid further damage.

And this is exactly what a poison centre does: it provides medical advice to citizens and healthcare professionals on health emergencies arising from exposure to hazardous chemicals or to other toxic agents; such as medicines, plants, bites and stings. Poison centres in the EU answer calls for support daily and around the clock.

On 22 March 2017, the Regulation (EU) nº 2017/542 was published, adding the Annex VIII, about the harmonised information relating to emergency health response. According to the ECHA, “It’s about harmonisation, and harmonisation brings synergies and efficiencies”. It was designed to regulate all hazardous mixture notifications (mixtures classified with health and/or physical hazards) within the EU, and established two new concepts related to chemical safety:

  • A harmonised information format file: a common format file which will gradually replace the current national requirements in force.
  • A Unique Formula Identifier (UFI): a unique code for each product which will be added on the label.

This new system, although efficient and beneficial in the long term, also implies a new complex notification process for companies, which will have to notify their products in the official language of each country in which they are marketed, pay different national taxes, etc. Providing harmonized information will certainty improve emergency health response, but the number of notifications is expected to significantly increase, and the producers and manufacturers who have started to work with the new system have already experience workability issues such us:

  • Insufficient time prior to deadline to assimilate notification tools.
  • Regular product variations that will lead to multiple and frequent changes of UFI for the same product.
  • Problems working with the ECHA Submission portal: navigation is complicated, too many clicks; it is not always directly clear if you made a wrong input, since validation is only available at the end of the process; notification via Guided Dossier Preparation took approx. 2 – 3 hours for a single product.

To overcome these inefficiencies and for the harmonized notification system to be truly useful for society, but also viable for companies, experts believe that there is a need for managed automation that minimizes the impact of:

  • Tens of thousands of products to be notified.
  • Frequent formulation changes. Partly own initiative, partly by raw material suppliers or driven by legislation changes.
  • Not feasible to do notifications & updates manually. Notifications must be generated in bulk.
  • Automation requires standardization. The solution must work for thousands of notifications at a time.

Time is running out, since the new harmonized notification process shall apply from 1 January 2021, after its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union. That is why we have updated CHEMETER, a reliable SDS authoring software which provides you with country specific legislation, up-to-date regulatory information, continuous new features development and professional assistance. It is also a friendly modular software which accommodates each company’s needs considering the country, sector and the aim of the company. It creates an extended range of documents; such as SDS, e-SDS, labels, dangerous goods documents and sector specific paperwork. It is one of the highest implemented software solutions worldwide, and now in addition, we have updated it to provide it with an additional module that issues automatic notifications in a few minutes.

The new module is specially designed to help users to comply with new poison Centre Notification Requirements for Hazardous Mixtures in the EU. It automatically creates PCN dossiers for harmonised notifications. Just in a few minutes, users will get the file with all the necessary documentation: automatic UFI code generation, toxicological information, complete chemical composition, etc. It is a simplified process, which indicates step by step in a simple way the data that the user needs to complete it. In a few clicks, users will get the file to notify all products.  It is a significant time saver compared to the 2 or 3 hours it would take to generate the Poison Center Notification (PCN) format for a single product using the official portal.

You can get more information about CHEMETER and all Siam services on our website https://www.siam-it.com/en/.

BASF / BTC Europe FREE Webinar: HEP N-Hydroxyethyl-2-Pyrrolidone, Hydrophilic Co-Solvent for the Formulators Toolbox.

HEP uniquely combines a high boiling-point and water-solubility allowing for diverse use as a co-solvent or extraction solvent typically in inks, coatings, cleaning, agrochemicals / pharma applications. Its hydrophilic nature and strong polar solubility also suggest its use as a humectant. Current users of 2P, GBL and NMP will be interested to learn that HEP is label-free and can offer a low-tox or more sustainable alternative to standard pyrrolidones.

If you would like to find out a little bit more about the chemistry, characteristics and applications for HEP then please join us for the following session:

Thursday 8th October 2020
09:30 UK/BST
Register here to attend.

BCF calls for further changes to UK REACH after small step in the right direction

The British Coatings Federation has welcomed recent proposed changes to the forthcoming UK REACH regime as a small but welcome step in the right direction. However, it has also warned that these changes alone will not be enough to prevent the coatings sector – and wider chemicals industry – from being hit hard financially under the new post-Brexit regime. This is because it does still not resolve the underlying, inherent problems with the proposed UK REACH system namely duplication of the EU REACH system and re-registration of all substances in a new database. It is this wholesale re-registration – including full data dossiers duplicating registrations already held in the EU REACH system – which will prove so bureaucratic, burdensome, and costly to business.

The easiest and seemingly best way to avoid this wholesale duplication would be for the UK and EU to negotiate a data-sharing agreement as part of the ongoing Free Trade Agreement talks. This would potentially mean the UK regulator would maintain access to data already registered in the EU REACH database and avoid it having to be re-registered in the new UK REACH system. The BCF fully supports the UK Government’s attempts to achieve this result as part of the FTA talks.

However, if that data-sharing outcome is not achieved as part of an FTA, the Government needs to go further and initiate greater changes to the proposed UK REACH system. The time extension for substance registrations simply spreads the cost of the registration requirements over a longer period: it does not reduce the overall cost to business. Those additional costs will still make it uneconomic for some lower quantity substances to be registered in the UK REACH database, making them unavailable in the UK and leaving UK companies at a significant disadvantage to their EU counterparts. Alternatively, UK businesses will have to take on the registration costs themselves to maintain access to crucial substances, again putting them at a competitive disadvantage.

Tom Bowtell, CEO of the British Coatings Federation said:

“Along with others we have been actively and positively engaged in conversations with the UK Government for well over a year. It is good to see that the Government has listened to the genuine concerns industry has raised and amended their plans for UK REACH. However, while we welcome the changes as a step in the right direction, sadly we do not believe the scale of the amendments are enough to offset the large costs and inconveniences UK business will suffer at the hands of UK REACH system as it stands.

“We hope that a data-sharing agreement on chemicals can be negotiated between the UK and EU as part of an FTA, and fully support the Government as it continues to work for that outcome: it would seem to be the most practical solution to this problem. However, if such an agreement does not come to pass then we hope the Government will continue to engage with, and listen to, the continued concerns of industry. Ultimately, we hope they realise we are not crying wolf over the impact of UK REACH on companies using chemicals like the paint, coatings and printing ink industries, and agree to make further amendments to their plans that will mitigate the effect of the new UK regulatory system on business.”

FREE forthcoming webinar being offered by BASF for the Printing & Packaging Industry

Find out how to reduce your carbon footprint with NEW Joncryl® Biomass Balance resins for Sustainable Packaging from BASF.

 

Many manufacturers are asking for resins based on renewable materials in order to improve the sustainability and marketability of their products. Resins are generally based on crude oil but BASF can now substitute crude with vegetable oil derived from waste products (compost) or sustainable palm plantations to help customers reduce their carbon footprint. The new Joncryl® BM Biomass Balance resins are produced with these renewable materials.  The Biomass Balance approach allows the manufacture of water-based inks containing renewable raw materials without the need to change printing and/or converting processes. The production of one tonne of Joncryl® Biomass Balance ‒ compared with that of a conventional product ‒ can reduce carbon dioxide by the same amount as a car emits over a distance of 4,500 km. Joncryl® Biomass Balance opens up new opportunities to create more sustainable packaging.

 

FREE forthcoming webinar being offered by BASF for the Printing & Packaging Industry.

To give customers more information on the Joncryl® Biomass Balance concept, BASF have organised a free web seminar to introduce this and other products that are designed to support customers to reduce their carbon footprint and meet market demands for sustainable packaging solutions.

 

During the session on November 4th, Jan ver Delft from the BASF resins team will discuss how the Biomass Balance approach works and how Joncryl® Biomass Balance resins for inks and coatings can reduce the use of non-renewable resources by up to 100%. He will also look at other bio-based products, which, like our Biomass Balance solutions, can substantially reduce your carbon footprint.

Date                 4th November
Time                 12-12.30pm
Register            Please click here to register

If you are unable to join the session and would like further information on the Joncryl® BB concept please contact Chris Morgan, Head of Sales: Coatings, Inks & Plastics BTC UK Email: christopher.morgan@btc-europe.com

Look out for the Joncryl® Biomass Balance products on the BTC stand at Surfex 2021!

Frequently Asked Questions of the KKDIK Regulation (Turkey REACH)

With the pre-registration deadline for KKDIK quickly approaching on the 31st of December 2020, we at CIRS are busy monitoring the latest updates and preparing you to fulfil all the necessary obligations. Completion of the pre-registration obligation provides you with a grace period for registration until the end of 2023 after which all chemical substances manufactured/imported to Turkey in one ton/year must be fully registered.

To make this process easier for you, we have gathered all the most frequently asked questions from our practical experience to-date with the KKDIK regulation.

  1. If pre-registration is completed within C&L notification, then why should a foreign enterprise do the pre-registration themselves and not through a TR-importer?

If a TR-importer does C&L notification, they select the role of ‘importer’. The pre-registration will also have been completed under an importer. This may result in the following scenarios (a) higher cost for registration (b) the TR-importer may not do the registration and choose a supplier which has registered their substance with an OR (c) If the TR-importer does the registration, then they can buy the substance from any supplier they want as they will have the registration number. The result is an overall loss of commercial power in Turkey

  1. How is the pre-registration/registration of a polymer processed according to the KKDIK regulation?

Article 4 (hh) of KKDIK: Polymer means a substance consisting of molecules characterised by the sequence of one or more types of monomer units, distributed over a range of molecular weights wherein differences in the molecular weight are primarily attributable to differences in the number of monomer units and comprising of the following:

1) A simple weight majority of molecules containing at least three monomer units which are covalently bound to at least one other monomer unit or other reactant; and

2) Less than a simple weight majority of molecules of the same molecular weight

According to the KKDIK regulation, polymers are themselves exempt from registration. In the same way as EU REACH, it is the monomer unit and any other substances which are present in 1 ton/year or greater which require pre-registration/registration.

  1. For C&L notification of chemicals delivered in mixtures, does each individual substance require notification?

The way a mixture is classified is if the mixture contains a substance which is classified as hazardous and it is above the appropriate concentration limit (varies depending on the substance in question), then the mixture is classified as hazardous. If a mixture meets hazardous criteria, then C&L notification is required. Classification is the same as EU REACH.

  1. Is it possible to transfer completed pre-registrations?

Currently, the online platform for submitting pre-registration/registration dossiers is updating. This is the KKS tool (IUCLID and REACH-IT hybrid). This may take some time to complete. The OR transfer function will be available after the update is complete.

  1. According to KKDIK, all substances manufactured/imported into Turkey in 1 ton/year should be pre-registered. If my substance is less than 1 ton/year can it still be pre-registered?

Yes, it is still possible to pre-register substances which are less than 1 ton/year. This will also cover future business if annual tonnages rise to the 1 ton/year mark or above in the period of three years. If pre-registration is not completed before Dec. 31st 2020 and tonnages rise above the 1 ton/year threshold, then full registration will be required which will be far costlier.

  1. Is there a system of reporting dispatches into Turkey after pre-registration is completed?

Currently, there is not such a system in place for reporting dispatches

  1. When dealing with a mixture, if a raw material is pre-registered under the supplier, can the pre-registration be used by the formulator of the mixture?

This is the decision of the supplier who obtained the pre-registration number and whether he grants access to the formulator to use the pre-registration number.

  1. Who may register in the case of a multinational company/group companies?

This depends on whether each company within the same parent company are defined as ‘registrant’ according to Article 4(ü) of the KKDIK regulation. If multiple companies are under the same legal entity, then just one company needs to act as the registrant. In the case of a separate legal entity, such as a sister company, they should also register.

  1. How are alloys registered?

According to the KKDIK regulation, alloys are treated in the same way as mixtures. Therefore, each individual substance i.e. each metallic substance must be registered individually.

  1. If the tonnage band is expected to increase in the future, can the higher tonnage band be registered under instead?

Companies may register under higher tonnage bands if they expect their annual tonnage to increase. The higher registration fee must also be paid. Furthermore, the registration dossier must include all the required information for the higher tonnage band as data requirements differ between tonnage bands.

  1. If a company is importing a mixture to Turkey, how can they find out if the individual components have already been registered in Turkey by the supplier, if the supplier is refuses to share the information?

The options are to (a) Contact the formulator where the supplier is not the same entity as the formulator. The formulator may be more willing to share the composition information. (b) Take analytical measurements to determine the composition of the mixture or (c) Find an alternative supplier of the same substance who is willing to share the information

  1. Our substance only has a CAS No. and no EC No. is available, can we process pre-registration only with CAS No.?

Yes, there is no problem to process pre-registration without EC No.

  1. We are a distributor located outside Turkey, can we appoint an OR and process pre-registration?

No. It’s same as EU REACH. Only foreign manufacturers can appoint an OR and process pre-registration.

  1. Is there a definition of “new chemical” in the KKDIK regulation?

No. The regulation is only about the substance. There is no specific definition of Existing Chemical and New Chemical. CIRS suggests companies to process pre-registration of all their substances.

  1. If the manufacturer completes the pre-registration, can the local importer take C&L notification with this pre-registration No.?

No, if the importer processes C&L Notification, they have to firstly complete pre-registration by themselves.

  1. Our product contains a raw material which has not been reacted. The tonnage of this raw material is more than 1 ton/year. Are we still required to process pre-registration of this raw material?

It’s similar as EU REACH. If the raw material is not residual on purpose, it can be regarded as an impurity and pre-registration will not be required.

  1. We are a Turkish legal entity which owns several factories in different sites, how shall we process the pre-registration?

According to KKDIK regulation, registrant shall be the natural or legal person in Turkey. If the company has one individual legal entity which own different factories, and the factories have no individual legal entity, only one pre-registration is enough, and all factories will be covered.

If you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact us:

Julie Harrington, Regulatory Affairs Consultant

julie@cirs-reach.com

+353 0 87 197 2618

https://www.linkedin.com/in/julie-harrington-14270a160/

Innovation award for new silicone-based surfactants for water-based systems

Two new silicone-based surfactants with properties that address key challenges for water-based coating systems have won an innovation award.

The new additives are available from Blagden in the UK and Ireland. They have been developed by our key supply partner, BYK Chemie GmbH, and support the worldwide trend towards water-based and low-VOC coatings systems.

BYK-3480 and BYK-3481 respond to the demand for water-based products with unique properties as companies within the coatings sector speed up efforts to develop water-based, low emission and other forms of environmentally friendly systems to comply with legal provisions and environmental concerns.

Specifically, these surfactants address challenges of high gloss and low film build on non-polar substrates in general industrial coatings, as well as the need to allow for good surface wetting on metal substrates which are impure or have oily contaminations.

BYK-3480 and BYK-3481 are silicone surfactants with good defoaming properties which can be used in any aqueous system and offer a balanced property package – defoaming, substrate wetting and levelling – at the same time. BYK-3480 is recommended for pigmented systems and BYK-3481 is suited for clear coats.

The award won by the BYK products was in the Coatings category of the Ringier Technology Innovation Award for industrial manufacturing. The purpose of the award is to encourage, acknowledge and reward individuals and companies who have developed new ideas, methodologies, products or technologies to improve industries with greater energy saving and cost reduction.

To find out more about these and other products or to discuss your specific needs, please contact Michael Austin at Blagden on 01959 560804 or email maustin@blagden.co.uk.

KIMICELL HEC

Announcement

Tennants as distributor for Vink Chemicals are pleased to offer a new range of Kimicell thickeners.

Description

Available in a range of low, medium or high viscosities, the Kimicell Hydroxyethyl Cellulose is used as a thickener for water-based paints and coatings. They are also used as admixture performance enhancers.

They also offer bio-stable grades, offering better resistance than most other soluble gums and polymers and this resistance to enzymatic and chemical degradation elicits a more stable viscosity.

Function

It increases the paint/coating in can viscosity, sag resistance (especially in combination with HEUR) and enhancing coverage. It also provides good water-retention, rheology and colloid protection, especially when used in those solutions where a non-ionic material is desired. It reduces sedimentation of the pigments and fillers and can also contribute to the dispersion of pigments by improving the flow during grinding, helping to stabilize the pigment from flocculation. In admixtures they can also be used to improve the properties of mortars such as water-retention, workability & open time.

Application

Normal dosage is 0.4-0.8% w/w. Paint made from the lower molecular weight grades are more resistant to spatter during roller application for example.

Further Information

For further information, please contact nigel.eves@tennantsdistribution.co.uk

Metal Recycles Forever

80% of all metal ever produced is still in circulation today.

Recycling and sustainability

The UK metal packaging industry, along with its European counterparts, spearheads the continual drive to not only produce the most material efficient metal packaging possible, but also to provide packaging that offers other significant benefits such as significantly reducing food waste and producing paint cans that are still fully recyclable despite contamination from paint.

 

The industry’s recycling infrastructure, developed over many decades, has resulted in a UK recycling rate for steel packaging of 71 per cent and aluminium (primarily beverage cans) of 76 per cent.

 

The sector’s target of a 100 per cent recycling rate for metal is a real possibility thanks to metal’s easy separation from the waste stream, either by consumers at home or by magnetic extraction and eddy currents further down the line. And it’s a fact that all metal collected for recycling, is recycled and is reused.

 

Metal is officially recognised as a permanently available material (British Standard 8905) – a material whose inherent properties are not changed by repeatedly being recycling into new products. Metal can be recycled an infinite number of times with no loss of quality, and it’s estimated that 80 per cent of all metal ever produced is still in circulation today.

 

Metal’s sustainability credentials are captured in just three words: Metal Recycles Forever.

 

“Metal can be recycled again and again with no loss of quality, and when it is recycled it saves significant amounts of primary raw materials, energy and CO2. Once primary ore is converted into metal, as long as we look after it, we will have it forever.  This infinite recyclability is key to reducing the pressure on the world’s natural resources and why recycling metal is so important. Our vision is for a 100 percent metal packaging recycling rate,” said Robert Fell, Director and CEO, MPMA.

Safety, Regulatory and Safe Handling of Chemicals

Safety, Regulatory and Safe Handling of Chemicals are topics that constantly challenge the global Chemicals industry at all times.
There is a need for companies to understand the correct regulatory, classification, symbols and pictograms.  It’s not just enough to write SDSs ‘in-house’ without employing proper tools or knowledge resources or simply copy-pasting safety data sheets from competitors, suppliers or from the internet as these could be quite misleading!  Yet another requirement for companies aspiring to get various types of Quality, Compliance, other certifications is to have proper systems in place including those of Safety, Regulatory and Safe handling of Chemicals regardless of being hazardous, non-hazardous chemicals or both.

 SIAM SL, Spain based in the world famous La Rioja wine region of Spain develops IT Solutions and Software for the automatic Classification, Formulation and Authoring of Safety Data Sheets for single substances and mixtures falling under CLP and GHS regulations.  SIAM provides a highly versatile software (CHEMETER) for preparing multilingual SDS in over 55 world regulatory/languages and multilingual product labelling and provides SDS AREA, a platform for easy distribution and management of Safety Data Sheets.
Both CHEMETER and SDS AREA solutions offer major time-savings to companies over traditional methods of authoring SDSs as well as using old software since both solutions come with latest features suited to the current and evolving safety regulations in over 55 countries.   CHEMETER software is easy to understand, open and flexible and built-up in a modular fashion to suit your exact needs at any given time.

1000+ clients across 45 countries that use CHEMETER software and SDS AREA include a variety of manufacturers, exporters, importers, distributors, traders, MSME’s, OEM’s into all kinds of Chemicals, API’s and Plastics and coming from all walks of industry including CASE, Petrochemicals, Pigments, Resins & Additives, Dyes & Dispersions, Textile and Leather Chemicals, Cleaning & Construction Chemicals, Lubes & Greases, Cosmetics, Solvents, Rubber, Plastics, Detergents, Flavours & Fragrances, Water Treatment Chemicals, Agro Chemicals, Monomers and Polymers, Resins and more.

Come 1st November 2020 and CHEMETER software will offer its users an additional module specially designed to help users manage the EU’s new regulation of UFI (Unique Formula Identifier) Code in order to comply with the EU’s new Poison Centre Notification (PCN) requirements for hazardous mixtures being supplied into the EU.   The module automatically creates PCN dossiers for harmonised notifications and within a few minutes, users can upload files with all necessary documentation, automatic UFI code generation, toxicological information, complete chemical composition, etc.   It is a simplified and easy step-by-step process and significant time-saver compared to the 2-3 hours odd it otherwise takes to generate PCN for a single product using the official portal.

You can get more information about SIAM’s Regulatory IT Solutions on https://www.siam-it.com or by sending an email to:

Nirav Banker
(UK, Asia & Middle-East Business Head)

Email: n.banker@siam-it.com
UK Mobile: (+44) 747 096 4875

Sail into a new dimension of Orange

Autumn is a time when reds, yellows and oranges take centre stage. The novel Pacific Orange L2828 pigment from BASF opens up the orange colour-space for paint formulators by providing a highly chromatic hybrid pigment chemistry designed to meet the demanding requirements of powder and industrial coatings, including for lead-chrome replacement.

In comparison to other pigments in the orange colour space if offers outstanding weather resistance and good opacity, with high temperature and chemical stability.
It can be combined with DPP Reds without colour shift, even at higher powder coating curing temperatures, in fact it is the ideal formulating partner to create super-durable orange RAL shades or corporate colours in combination with other high performance organic or inorganic pigments. Pacific Orange is also an excellent choice to overcome the fading of pale or pastel shades in architectural exterior applications due to its excellent weathering fastness in white reductions.

The new pigment will be showcased at Surfex in June 2021 but for further information or to sample please contact Chris Morgan, Head of Sales: Coatings, Inks & Plastics BTC UK Email: christopher.morgan@btc-europe.com

Self-healing additives for improved corrosion resistance and coating adhesion after damage

Autonomic Materials is the recognized leader in self-healing additive technology for high-performance coatings, adhesives and sealants.  For a broad range of coating applications, from consumer to heavy industrial, Autonomic’s products impart unparalleled corrosion resistance, adhesion enhancement and extended service life after damage.

SELF-HEALING COATINGS FOR IMPROVED SUBSTRATE PROTECTION

Autonomic’s self-healing technology repairs coating damage immediately after it occurs. Autonomic’s microencapsulated additives are compatible with most solventborne, waterborne and powder coatings and provide improved protection to metals, wood, concrete, plastic, composite and other substrates. Three series of products are available in both wet and dry form:

  • Amparmor 1000 – Dual capsule system based on reactive silicone polymers with ability to cure under water
  • Amparmor 2000 – Single capsule system based on solvent-promoted cure of epoxy resins
  • Amparmor 3000 – Single capsule system based on oxygen-initiated cross-linking of functionalized alkyd resins

HOW THE SYSTEM WORKS

GENERAL APPLICATION GUIDELINES

AMPARMOR microcapsules are not recommended for addition to fully formulated coatings. Some degree of coating reformulation is typically required, including:

  • Adjustment of pigment volume concentration
  • Adjustment of pigment size distribution
  • Adjustment of resin chemistry to achieve desired Tg
  • Proper selection of dispersing aids

Autonomic’s self-healing microcapsules are stable under typical storage conditions. Caution must be exercised when incorporating capsules into coating formulations as excess shear and/or grinding may cause capsules to rupture.

 

  • For liquid coatings, the addition of microcapsules is recommended during the letdown stage.
  • For powder coatings, capsules should be added as a dry blend after extrudate grinding.

 

PRODUCT SELECTION GUIDES FOR COATING

CONTACT US

DKSH Great Britain Ltd. is distributor for Autonomic Materials in the United Kingdom.

For more information on these innovative products, contact Richard Nathan, Sales Manager, Speciality Chemicals Industry, DKSH Great Britain at richard.nathan@dksh.com, phone: +44 20 8879 5500

 

ABOUT DKSH

DKSH is the leading Market Expansion Services provider with a focus on Asia. The Group helps companies to grow across the Business Units Healthcare, Consumer Goods, Performance Materials and Technology. The service portfolio covers sourcing, market insights, marketing and sales, eCommerce, distribution and logistics as well as after-sales services. Publicly listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange, the Group operates in 36 markets with 33,350 specialists, generating net sales of CHF 11.6 billion in 2019. With its Swiss heritage, DKSH has been deeply rooted in Asia Pacific since 1865. The DKSH Business Unit Performance Materials distributes specialty chemicals and ingredients for food, pharmaceutical, personal care and various industrial applications. With 46 innovation centers and regulatory support worldwide, we create cutting-edge formulations that comply with local regulations. With around 1,100 specialists, the Business Unit generated net sales of CHF 1.0 billion in 2019. Learn more: www.dksh.com/pm

Siltech – Silicone Amines for Coatings

Silicone amine polymers are an interesting category of materials within silicone chemistry.
They tend to provide the very best handle and softness to textile substrates.
They are also quite hydrophobic, so are used in applications such as car care.
They can additionally be used as reactive components in resins.

Broadly speaking, there are 5 categories at Siltech, as follows:

1 – Aminoethyl aminopropyl-based, with structure as shown:

“a” and “b” can be varied.  Silamine 2972 and Silamine MUE are good examples within this product group.

2 – Reactive amino-functional prepolymers, with structures as shown below:

There are a multitude of types, and these can be co-reacted into coatings and resins in order to provide flexibility and add impact resistance.

3 – Silicone polyether amines, as shown here:

In this case, the aminoethyl aminopropyl groups are “solubilised” with polyether groups.  For example, Silamine D208 EDA is water-soluble.  These types are also reactive (carbinol functional), and a, b, c, d and e can be varied.

4 – Silicone alkyl amines have alkyl groups in addition to the amine functionality, in order to improve organo-compatibility. Silamine T-97 is one example, and Siltech has made a series of these products.

5 – Fluorosilicone amines are niche, but Silmer NHF Di-H1 is one example, which has pendant fluoro groups and terminal allyl amines.

Please contact dave.wilson@siltech.com

Siltech – Silicone Film Formers for Coating Applications

Siltech Film Formers are designed to coalesce and react on hard surfaces such as concrete, porcelain, wood, countertops, or rubber, and flexible surfaces such as fabric, paper or leather.

The products are all provided in dispersible or dilutable emulsion form.

Typical properties include:

  • Release
  • Slip
  • Anti-squeak
  • Anti-stain
  • Softness
  • Hydrophobing
  • Gloss
  • Flexibility

Here’s a table which summarises the various types:

Please contact dave.wilson@siltech.com

Siltech – Using SilmerTM Reactive Silicones to Modify Coatings

Silicon and Carbon are the in same column of the Periodic Table, and so the chemistries of Si and C are very closely related.  Siltech builds upon this similarity in the “Silmer”TM reactive line of products, in order to manufacture numerous functionalised pre-polymers.  The resultant silicones can be co-reacted into analogous non-silicone systems in order to improve slip, flexibility, abrasion resistance, release, and hydrophobicity.

 

In the most general terms, the SilmerTM reactive pre-polymers are either multi-functional or linear di-functional, and there is an ever-increasing list of functional types, including the following:

 

  1. Hydroxyl (carbinol) OH
  2. Tetra Hydroxyl (carbinol) OHT functional, for better network formation and improved organo-compatibility.
  3. Acrylate ACR
  4. Tetra Acrylate ACRT
  5. Hydroxy OH ACR Acrylate functional.
  6. Hydride H
  7. Vinyl VIN
  8. Isocyanate NCO
  9. Amine NH
  10. Epoxide functional, both glycidyl-based EP and cycloaliphatic-based EPC.
  11. Trimethoxysilane TMS and Triethoxysilane TES
  12. Thiol SH
  13. Carboxy COOH

 

Please contact dave.wilson@siltech.com to discuss any of these products.

Trailblazers and innovators support the aqueous trend

The growing adoption of aqueous systems across the coatings industry is supported by additives which address key challenges. Here we highlight a selection of BYK’s wetting and dispersing additives for water-based systems, available across the UK and Ireland from Blagden.

Aqueous coatings now account for 60% of the coatings market and are on an above-average growth trajectory according to our key supply partner, BYK Chemie GmbH. Such systems have health and environmental benefits and are increasingly required to meet legislative requirements.

The challenges facing formulators in creating water-based coatings are steadily being overcome with innovative and effective additives. BYK has been at the forefront of such innovation, developing an extensive portfolio of products for aqueous systems.

The four wetting and dispersing additives highlighted here range from trailblazing originals to brand new products:

Trailblazer continues to set industry standard: At its launch in 1990, Disperbyk-190 was a trailblazer. Since then, its impressive product profile has seen it become an industry standard worldwide. Suitable for all pigments, its excellent wetting and dispersing quality produces high gloss and transparency levels as well as low viscosity. The effect is to improve flow behaviour and increase pigmentation.

First to offer VOC-free with electrosteric stabilisation: By combining these two features, Disperbyk-199 enables paints and pigment concentrates to meet legislative requirements as well as demand for greater efficiency. Ideal for inorganic and organic pigments, it is a cost-effective alternative to commonly-used dispersants and high molecular weight wetting and dispersing additives.

New versatile additive for the full spectrum of coatings: Versatility is a key attraction of Disperbyk-2014. It can be used in the full spectrum of coatings, from aqueous coatings and printing inks to UV, solvent-borne and solvent-free systems. It also has broad compatibility with a large variety of solvents and binders. Its highly deflocculating effect makes it possible to formulate coating systems with excellent optical properties such as improved colour strength, gloss and transparency and reduced haze.

Specialist product for high-quality, aqueous pigment concentrates: Another VOC-free wetting and dispersing additive, Disperbyk-2015 is based on controlled polymerisation technology enabling a defined molecular weight distribution for use in many different binder systems. It shows excellent compatibility in a range of water-borne resin systems. It enables high levels of gloss and exceptional colour strengths with optimum viscosity and good levelling properties.

To find out more about these and other products or to discuss your specific needs, please contact Michael Austin at Blagden on 01959 560804 or email maustin@blagden.co.uk.

Please note: Information provided here is given in good faith and without liability. It is intended for guidance only. Users are advised to conduct their own independent examination of the product to ascertain its suitability for incorporation into processes or products. Users should ensure that the use of the product complies with all pertinent current legislation. We guarantee to supply to specification, not performance.

Why it’s time to embrace digital colour masters

A combination of digital standards and industry-leading instruments enables businesses to reduce costs and wastage across the entire supply chain by getting the colour of every component right first time.

Investment in R&D excellence from quality control instrument specialist BYK-Gardner enables companies across the globe to achieve consistent measurement and control of important characteristics such as colour. And not just colour. BYK-Gardner instruments measure many other characteristics such as gloss, orange peel, multi-angled colour, sparkle, graininess, colour fastness, cloudiness, transparency, clarity and haziness.

This is achieved through industry-leading LED illuminated instruments with optimal inter-instrument agreement and enables true full digital masters to be introduced for all these characteristics. The digital masters can easily be distributed through the supply chain making a digital approval process possible at every stage, in every location from beginning to end.

Guarantee repeatable product quality across time and space
Digital masters include spectral data and client requirements, while also allowing automatic colour identification where appropriate. Measurement tolerances and an instant pass/fail can be included on both hand-held and robotic installations. The result is self-approval throughout the supply chain and improved harmony between products to guarantee a high right-first-time rate.

Working with major manufacturers across many industries, the benefits from reductions in waste and delay as well as improvements in communication of measurement data, to productivity, quality and sustainability deliver a complete return on investment – the instruments can pay for themselves!
Digital masters can be sent by e-mail as an xml file to locations anywhere in the world. They have applications within industries including automotive, coatings, plastics, printing inks leather and even wine.

Blagden distributes BYK-Gardner instruments to companies across the United Kingdom. To find out how your business can benefit from the use of these instruments in combination with digital masters, call Simon Moss at Blagden on 01959 560818 or email.

Please note: Information provided here is given in good faith and without liability. It is intended for guidance only. Users are advised to conduct their own independent examination of the product to ascertain its suitability for incorporation into processes or products. Users should ensure that the use of the product complies with all pertinent current legislation. We guarantee to supply to specification, not performance.

Exhibitors

Company NameStand

Applied Graphene Materials UK Ltd

402

Banner Chemicals Ltd

226

Brenntag UK & Ireland

308

BTC Europe

203

Camida

412

Cornelius Group Plc

317

Devine Chemicals

632

DKSH Great Britain

135

Grolman Ltd

616

IMCD UK Limited

208

Indo Amines Limited

125

Lankem Ltd

324

LEHVOSS UK Ltd

516

LKAB Minerals

714

Maker

502

Rakem Group

502

Ravago Chemicals UK Ltd

417

Safic Alcan UK Ltd

209

Schoeller Allibert Swiss Sarl

413

Siltech Silicones

BZ 114

Stort Chemicals

608

SYNTHRON

624

Tennants Distribution Ltd

722

Xyntra Chemicals B.V.

508